The Mycobacteriology Unit runs laboratory test for the isolation and identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with traditional microscopic and cultivation methods, as well as molecular biology investigations for direct research in biological samples according to current regulations on biocontainment (BSL3 facility). By using last generation technologies, results on Mycobacterium type and antimicrobial resistance are delivered within 48 hours. The diagnosis of latent infection is carried out by immunoassays of new generation.